Scientists have recently discovered a new way of perception regarding the activity and functioning of enormous black holes, which is based on the new observations from (ALMA) the Atacama Large Millimeter/ submillimeter Array and computerized simulations. Researchers have analyzed that the active supermassive black holes surrounded by the rings of gas are not simply donut-shaped. According to previous estimation and studies, scientists thought that due to swallowing of nearby material, the black hole started expanding and transformed into the shape of a donut.
The data received through the recent discovery reveals that a dynamic circular pattern is formed due to the interaction between the gas released from the center of the black hole and infalling gas.
A team of astronomers led by Takuma Izumi—a researcher from the National Astronomical Observatory, Japan—have observed a huge black hole in Citrus Galaxy through ALMA, which is 14 million light years far from the Earth. The team evaluated the results of gas falling towards a black hole were generated from computer simulations using a Cray XC30 ATERUI supercomputer, and ALMA observations.
The comparison of the results obtained from both the observations concluded that the donut is a convoluted mass of strongly active components of the gas. Cold and inactive molecular gas gets attracted towards the black hole near its plane of rotation, where the gas gets activated by the breakdown of its molecules into ions and atoms through strong heat. The atoms and molecules of hot activated gas are not completely absorbed by the black hole, while few atoms evacuated to either above or below the plane of rotation. The expelled hot gas then exasperate back on the disk forming an unstable 3D arrangement of gas surrounded black hole.
Researchers have been thoroughly studying on the black holes. Recently, gravitational waves have been sensed from the biggest merger of black holes yet detected comprising of two giant black holes.
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