The findings of a recent study presented in Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences show that artificial sugars present in the form of fructose and sucrose kill beneficial bacteria in the gut region and could harm the body in the long run. According to professor Eduardo Groisman, lead author of the study, fructose and sucrose that are prevalent in regular diet are not beneficial for humans. These bacteria use fiber and other types of complex carbohydrates and promote growth of good microbes called Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron which is found in lean and healthy humans.
But when simple sugars reach the gut region they shut down production of the protein needed by Bacterioides to remain active in the intestine. Their ability to wipe out various strains of beneficial microbes that exist in the gut region cannot be disputed. The research has shown that simple sugars which contain fructose and sucrose easily travel to colon region where microbiota live and impact them even though they do not have any nutritional value. As these simple sugars cannot be used as food they send signals to shut down production of an essential protein. To avoid this situation from affecting health in a negative manner it is best to avoid simple sugars that will turn the gut into a region for bad bacteria.
This shows that indulging in sugary treats during festivals is not good and can be damaging for healthy bacteria in the intestine. Earlier biologists were of the opinion that simple sugars would get absorbed in the small intestine and would not affect the large intestine where most of the gut bacteria exist. Groisman has stated that he would like to explore if complex polysaccharides would be able to protect bacterioides from this death by simple sugars. If that happens then people would not feel guilty about eating their cakes and sweet treats around the year and enjoy it.
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